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Let’s speak

Speaking is actually easy. But, it sometime can be hard for some people if they do not know which appropriate words should use.

Here I provide you some examples of conversation you can use in some occasions.

Greetings:

greeting (noun): saying hello; a polite word of welcome
greet (verb): to say hello; to welcome somebody
(The opposite of greeting is farewell – saying goodbye.)

There are many ways to say hello in English. Sometimes you say a quick hello as you are passing somebody. At other times a greeting leads to a conversation. Friends and family members greet each other in a casual way. Business greetings are more formal.

On the following pages you can listen to and practise greeting people in a variety of situations.

In this lesson you will find:

Tips: language and gestures that native speakers use

Useful phrases: words and expressions that native speakers use

Example: – Hy
- Hellow
- Good Morning
- Nice to see you.
- Long time no see. (I haven’t seen you in a while.)
- What have you been up to?

– Long time no see..

Listen this conversation as an example:

 

Conversation on Telephone

Here some of the words and expressions that we use for telephoning.

1. Telephone term
2. Telephone Language
3. Telephone Tips

Listen this Conversation as an example:

 

BACK TO Speaking activity

Listening Test

Hello guys, now we are going to have a discussion about narrative text.

Have you ever read or known about this kind of text?

For further reading about narrative, click here
Now, i think you have known about it, and to measure your understanding about narrative text and the whole story, please follow this exercise! :D

Are you ready to begin? Yeah guys, excellent!! :-)

Pre-Listening Test

Before doing the exercises, please observe the pictures below:

1. What do you think about the pictures above?

2. Who are they?

3. What are they doing?

Whilst Listening

In this session, I will give you some exercises related to the narrative text.

Here, I provide you some audio of Narrative text. Download it and answer the questions related to the audio.

The Elves and The Shoemaker.

Please listen to this audio

After listened to the audio, try to do these exercises. Download here

Post Listening

How was the story? is it funny? hopefully..

Before I close this session, please transcribe the story and submit it next meeting.

Happy listening guys.. See you.. :D

NARRATIVE TEXT

Purpose:

To entertain/to amuse the readers.

Generic Structure (Narrative):


  • Orientation: sees the scene and introduces the participants.
  • Evaluation: a stepping back to evaluate the plight.
  • Complication: a crisis arises.
  • Resolution: the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
  • Re-orientation: tell the end of the story and also retellwhat happens to  the participants in the end of the story ( optional)
  • Coda: in  this part, the writer puts the moral value that we can take from the story (optional)

Language Features of Narrative:

• Using Action Verbs (worked, lived, climbed)
• Using temporal conjunction (next, then, after that, suddenly)
• Using Simple Past Tense ( S+V2+O) to tell the past event.

Example:

The Old Woman and The Sparrow

Once upon a time, there lived a kind hearted man and his wife. One morning, his wife found a poor little sparrow. She took it gently and fed it. To show its gratitude, the sparrow stayed with them and sang every morning. But there was an ill-tempered old woman who didn’t like the sparrow. She cut the sparrow’s tongue. That’s why the bird flew away to its previous nest.

Knowing that their sparrow flew away, the kind man and his wife looked for the sparrow. They walked a long way, crossed the bridges, climbed the mountains and passed the woods.

At last, they could find the sparrow’s nest. The sparrow welcomed them and provided a feast for them. Before they went home, the sparrow brought two baskets; one was large and looked heavy, and the other one was small and light. The sparrow asked them to choose only one. They chose the small and that was the best choice. There were many rolls of silk and piles of gold in it.

Being jealous, the ill-tempered old woman did the same thing as the kind man and his wife did. She chose the big basket which actually contained wasps and venomous crawlers, such as scorpions, centipedes, and other horrible creatures. Finally, aaathey stung and bit her to death.

The Old Woman and The Sparrow

Once upon a time, there lived a kind hearted man and his wife. One morning, his wife found a poor little sparrow. She took it gently and fed it. To show its gratitude, the sparrow stayed with them and sang every morning. But there was an ill-tempered old woman who didn’t like the sparrow. She cut the sparrow’s tongue. That’s why the bird flew away to its previous nest.

Knowing that their sparrow flew away, the kind man and his wife looked for the sparrow. They walked a long way, crossed the bridges, climbed the mountains and passed the woods.

At last, they could find the sparrow’s nest. The sparrow welcomed them and provided a feast for them. Before they went home, the sparrow brought two baskets; one was large and looked heavy, and the other one was small and light. The sparrow asked them to choose only one. They chose the small and that was the best choice. There were many rolls of silk and piles of gold in it.

Being jealous, the ill-tempered old woman did the same thing as the kind man and his wife did. She chose the big basket which actually contained wasps and venomous crawlers, such as scorpions, centipedes, and other horrible creatures. Finally, aaathey stung and bit her to death.

A Mouse Deer and Mr. Farmer

One day, Mouse Deer went to the edge of the forest. He looked out at row after row of vegetables.
“Mmm,” said Mouse Deer. “Juicy cucumbers! Yummy yams!” he started into the garden.
Mouse Deer loved to eat the fruits and roots and shoots of the forest. But he loved something else even more. He loved the vegetables in Mr. Farmer’s garden.
Snap! “Oh!”
His leg was caught in a snare! Mouse Deer pulled and pulled. But he could not get away.
“Oh, no!” he said. “Mr. Farmer will have me for dinner!”
Then he saw Mr. Farmer coming. Mouse Deer thought fast. He lay on the ground and made his body stiff.
Mouse Deer laughed. “Mr. Farmer is smart, but Mouse Deer is smarter.”
“Well, well,” said Mr. Farmer. “Look what I caught. A mouse deer! But he looks dead.”
Mr. Farmer pushed him with his foot. Mouse Deer didn’t move.
“May be he’s been dead a long time,” said Mr. Farmer. “Too bad! I guess we can’t eat him.”
He pulled Mouse Deer’s leg out of the snare. Then he tossed Mouse Deer back into the forest. Mouse Deer landed with a soft plop. Then he jumped up and ran. Behind him, he heard Mr. Farmer yelled, “Hey, you trick me!”

We can also find this kind of text in: Fables, Legends, Fairy Tale, etc.

Back to Listening test

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